Intrinsic Activity, 2018; 6 (Suppl. 1): A5.5
24th Scientific Symposium of the Austrian Pharmacological Society (APHAR)
Graz, 27 – 28 September 2018
Intrinsic Activity,
2018; 6 (Suppl. 1):

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Prevalence and predictors of self-medication among medical and pharmacy students
Ana Tomas1*, Nebojša Pavlović2, Milica Paut Kusturica1, Olga Horvat1, Slavica Lazarević1, Zdenko Tomić1 and Ana Sabo1
  1. Department of Pharmacology, Toxicology and Clinical Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Novi Sad, Serbia
  2. Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Novi Sad, Serbia
* Corresponding author: e-mail

Background: Self-medication is considered common among prospective health care professionals. Attitudes towards conventional and complementary medicine may affect their future pharmaco­therapy practice. The aim of this research was to determine attitudes and prevalence of self-medication among population of first and final year medicine and pharmacy students.

Methods: Research was performed as a cross-sectional study at the Faculty of Medicine, University of Novi Sad, and included 192 first and last year students of medicine and pharmacy. Students filled out a demographic and self-medication questionnaire created for the purpose of this research.

Results: Self-medication was reported by 81.3 % students. The most frequently self-prescribed medications were conventional drugs. Independent risk factors for self-medication identified in the logistic regression analysis were last year of studies (OR 7.29, 95 %-C.I.: 2.28 – 22.90), living alone (OR 3.46, 95 %-C.I.: 1.44 – 8.34) and consumption of cigarettes (OR 8.55, 95 %-C.I.: 1.05 – 69.38). Last year students had more confidence in conventional medicine compared to herbal drugs, and had better knowledge about safety and risks of co-administration of herbal and conventional drugs.

Discussion: Results are in accordance with the study concucted at the University in Ljubljana, as well as studies in other countries, where students of the final year were more inclined towards self-medication, probably due to better knowledge acquired through studies and higher degree of confidence. However, this practice is not risk-free. Self-medication may result in irrational drug use, delayed seeking of medical advice, and increased side effects. Self-medication is an important issue among the population of medical students, especially among final year students. No difference in attitudes and behavior was found in relation to study program.

Acknowledgements: This work was supported by the Ministry of Science and Technological Development, Republic of Serbia (project no. 41012) and by the Provincial Secretariat for Science and Technological Development, Autonomous Province of Vojvodina (project no. 114-451-2517/2017).


published online:
20 September 2018